Profiles

Rahul Mehrotra

Chang Architects

Geoffrey Bawa

Kerry Hill Associates

Charles Correa

Seksan Design

Ken Yeang

Small Projects

William Lim

Tan Kheng Soon

  • Soon, T.K. 1989, Mega-Cities in the Tropics: Towards an Architectural Agenda for the Future. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. (p.65).

  • Soon, T.K. 1997, ‘The Architectural Aesthetics of Tropicality’, in Powell, R. & Soon, T.K. (eds), Line, Edge & Shade: The Search for a Design Language in Tropical Asia: Tay Kheng Soon & Akitek Tenggara. Singapore: Page One Publisher. (p.17).

  • Soon, T.K. 1997, ‘The Architectural Aesthetics of Tropicality’, in Powell, R. & Soon, T.K. (eds), Line, Edge & Shade: The Search for a Design Language in Tropical Asia: Tay Kheng Soon & Akitek Tenggara. Singapore: Page One Publisher. (p.51).


Cool Thinking

The Changing Ways of Staying Cool

Boutique Comfort

Home Comforts

Urban Planning

Enclosing the Outdoors

  • Hindrichs, H. & Daniels, K. 2007, Plusminus 20/40 Latitude: Sustainable building design in tropical and subtropical regions. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges. (p.113).

  • Liu, G. 2007, Singapore: A Pictorial History. Singapore: Didier Millet. (p.90).

Urban Heat Island Effect

Fan Histories

Cooling the Highrise

Green Singapore

Air-Conditioning and Pre-air-conditioning Cooling Technologies

  • Basile, Salvatore. 2014, Cool: How Air Conditioning Changed Everything. New York: Fordham University Press. (p.22).

  • Donaldson, Barry & Nagemgast, Bernard (eds). 1994, Heat & Cold: Mastering the Great Indoors. Atlanta: American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers. (p.122).
  • Hughes, T. 1983, Networks of Power: Electrification in Western Society 1880-1930. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press. (p.123).

Early Air-Conditioning and Architecture

Constructing Thermal Comfort

Post-war Development of Air-conditioning

  • Banham, R. 1984, The Architecture of the Well-Tempered Environment. 2nd ed. London: Architectural Press. (p.88).

  • Fondation Le Corbusier,  http://www.fondationlecorbusier.fr/. Accessed: 1st December, 2015.

Air-conditioning and Architecture in Singapore

  • Hindrichs, D.U., Daniels, K. 2007, Plusminus 20/40 Latitude: Sustainable Building Design in Tropical and Subtropical Regions. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges. (p.111).

  • Marina Bay Singapore, https://www.marina-bay.sg/maps.html. Accessed: 1st December, 2015.

  • N.A. 1972, Singapore Institute of Architects' Journal. 51. (p.22).

  • Singapore Planning Department. 1965, Annual Report 1964. Singapore: Singapore Government, 1965.

Air-conditioning Today

Regionalism and Modern Regionalism

Modern Heritage

Low Cost Comfort

Modern Vernacular

Cool Marketing

Climatic Engineering

Cool Democracies

Skyrise Greening

  • ADDP Architects. 2012, ‘ Treehouse’, ADDP Architects, http://addp.sg/projects/residential/treehouse. Accessed 30th September, 2015.

  • Powers, R. & Richardson, P. 2012, Living Modern Tropical: Sourcebook for Contemporary Interiors. London: Thames & Hudson Australia. (p.170).

  • Soon, T.K. 1989, Mega-Cities in the Tropics: Towards an Architectural Agenda for the Future. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. (p.12).

  • T.R. Hamzah & Yeang. 2008, ‘Singapore Science Centre’, e-architect, http://www.e-architect.co.uk/architects/ken-yeang . Accessed 30th September, 2015.

District Cooling

Vernacular Architecture

  • Hindrichs, H. & Daniels, K. 2007, Plusminus 20/40 Latitude: Sustainable Building Design in Tropical and Subtropical Regions. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges. (p.111).

  • King, A. 1984, The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

  • Lauber, W. 2005, Tropical Architecture: Sustainable and Humane Building in Africa, Latin America, and South East Asia. Munich: Prestel. (p.56).

  • Robson, D. 2007, Beyond Bawa. London: Thames & Hudson. (p.115).

  • Yin, L.H. 2003, ‘The Kampong House: Evolutionary History of Peninsular Malaysia’s Vernacular Houseform’, in Knapp, R.G. (ed.), Asia's Old Dwellings: Tradition, Resilience, and Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 235-258. (p.236).

An Uncomfortable Truth

  • King, A. 1984, The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

  • Hindrichs, H. & Daniels, K. 2007, Plusminus 20/40 Latitude: Sustainable Building Design in Tropical and Subtropical Regions. Stuttgart: Edition Axel Menges. (p.111).

  • Tim Winter's Personal Photo's

Thermal Modernity and Architecture

  • Carrier Singapore

  • Cathay Cinema

  • Planning Department's Annual Report

  • United Engineers

  • Urban Redevelopment Authority (Singapore)

Smart Thinking

Cool Spaces

Marina Bay

Solaris

Jewel at Changi

Bugis Junction

Gardens by the Bay

Clarke Quay


Galleries

Air Conditioning Consumption

Urban Greenery

 

Tropical Furniture

  • Desai, M. & Desai M. 1998. 'The Adaptation and Growth of the Bungalow in India', in Pertruccioli, A. (ed.), European Houses in the Islamic Countries: Journal of the Islamic Environmental Design Research Centre, Como, Italy. (P.51)

  • Edwards, N. 1990, The Singapore House and Residential Life, 1819 – 1939. Singapore: Oxford University Press. (p.169).

  • Hernandez, M. 2015, ‘Pure Bliss at Costabella Tropical Beach Hotel’, Seriously Travel, http://www.seriouslytravel.com/pure-bliss-at-costabella-tropical-beach-hotel/. Accessed: 21st September, 2015.

  • Khoo, B.L. 1993, Costumes Through Time: Singapore. Singapore: National Heritage Board and Fashion Designers Society. (p.41).

  • King, A. 1984, The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

  • Liu, G. 2007, Singapore: A Pictorial History. Singapore: Didier Millet. (pp. 131, 123).

  • Mehrotra, R. 2011, Architecture in India Since 1990. Mumbai: Pictor. (p.28).

  • Michael Donaldson Antiques. n.d., ‘Anglo-Indian Rosewood Planters Chair with Drink Holder’, Michael Donaldson Antiques, http://www.mdantiques.com/collection-233-1-anglo_indian_rosewood_planters_chair_with_drink_holder.html. Accessed: 21st September, 2015.

  • Opium: The Art of Bohemian Living. n.d., ‘Colonial South India Tea Planter’s Chair’, Opium: The Art of Bohemian Living, http://www.opiumshop.co.uk/colonial-south-india-tea-planters-chair--bsoldb-2340-p.asp. Accessed: 21st September, 2015.

  • Powell, R. 1996, The Tropical Asian House. London: Thames and Hudson. (p.75).

  • Powell, R. 1998, The Urban Asian House: Living in Tropical Cities. London: Thames and Hudson. (p.64).

  • Powers, R. & Richardson, P. 2012, Living Modern Tropical: Sourcebook for Contemporary Interiors. London: Thames & Hudson. (pp. 170, 174, 187).

  • Robson, D. 2007, Beyond Bawa. London: Thames & Hudson. (pp.68, 115, 117).

Indoors Outdoors

Passive Cooling

Vernacular Architecture

  • Jiat-Hwee Chang's photos. 

  • King, A. 1984, The Bungalow: The Production of a Global Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Cool Marketing

Fans

Mega Cooling